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Volume 1, Issue 1, June 2021

Cover Page

About the Journal

Table of Contents

Review Article

Role of Biotechnology in improving nutritive value of foodstuffs

Garg T.
The role of Biotechnology in improving nutrient content of crops & foodstuffs has undergone a lot of research work and is still being done. As world's population is ever increasing and resources are limited, therefore scientists are continuously trying to study best possible use of Biotechnology in developing more nutritious crops/ foodstuffs in least possible resources for good health of population. Crop biotechnology is being used in two major ways to enhance human nutrition: to improve global food security by making more food available and by enhancing nutritional composition of foods. Ortiz (1998) highlighted that high quality crops with improved nutritional and health characteristics may be obtained through multidisciplinary approach of plant breeders, biotechnologists and other plant scientists. A report from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) shows that the application of Biotechnology may span in every aspect of the value chain by increasing crop yield. The study noted better performances in livestock and crops because of Biotechnology (Frank 2018). Generally farmers face some common issues of low yielding soil, soil pathogens and poor water utilization. This in turn is responsible for lowering crop quality and exacerbating harvest uncertainty. This is causing increasing use of chemical fertilizers. The agriculture industry has changed a lot after invention of DDT and other chemical pesticides. Blind usage of chemical fertilizers has led to degraded soil quality. A wide range of studies have been done to determine the effects of chemicals on soil fertility and water quality (http://www.bioflora.com/increase-crop-yield/). Nollet & Rathore (2012) reported that over usage of chemical fertilizers is not enough beneficial to hold on nutrients to maintain soil quality. In fact chemical fertilizers are main reason to deteriorate soil quality. Various Biotechnological methods can help increase the soil quality also.
Original Research Article

Nutritional Guidelines for Hospitalized Mucormycosis patients

Tak N.
Mucormycosis is a serious fungal infection that is caused by Rhizopus oryzae in immunecompromised patients, post-covid patients or patients who have uncontrolled blood sugar levels. As there were no dietary guidelines on mucormycosis, therefore present study was planned to study fifty mucormycosis positive cases critically and develop dietary guidelines on the basis of their biochemical profile, clinical signs & symptoms, medication and ability to have diet during hospitalization. In present study, it was found that patients whose diet intake was upto their nutritional requirements recovered fast in comparison to patients who were not able to have proper meals. As patients had problems of dryness in mouth, acidity, inflammation, high infection, nausea, low hemoglobin level, therefore small frequent liquid / liquid + soft with oral nutritional supplements were given to fulfill their requirements. Complex carbohydrates were given to control hyperglycemia. Iron supplements and multi vitamin were also recommended. Potassium rich food with kesol infusion was decided to increase potassium levels and dietary guidelines were developed after deep observation of patient's biochemical, clinical profile, medication and eating pattern.
Original Research Article

Comparative analysis of clinical findings of hospitalized Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) patients

Singh K.
The Human kidneys are major organs of the body for waste removal & maintaining homeostatic balance, fluid & electrolyte balance by filtering blood. There are many disorders of kidney. One the major one is Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD). In the present study an effort was made to do a comparison of nutritional status of CKD patients on dialysis who underwent renal transplantation. Comparative analysis was done in pre & post transplant in terms of anthropometry, biochemical parameters, clinical examination & diet compliance. In total 30 samples were selected on the basis of inclusion criteria and comparative study in combination with statistical analysis was done. From the above study it can be concluded that nutritional status both pre and post renal transplant can be improved in terms of anthropometric, biochemical, electrolytes, clinical sign and symptoms and diet intake when a proper medical nutrition therapy is provided to the patients.
Original Research Article

Survey on nutritional status of school students during COVID-19 lockdown

Khinduka R. & Shrivastava R
COVID-19 SARS-CoV-2 virus was first observed in human population in December 2019 and it was very soon infected people across the world. The WHO declared the COVID-19 as a pandemic. It affected the world in all aspects of life. A lot of attention was paid on immunity and preventive measures of COVID-19 but lifestyle of normal healthy school students who were staying at home first time for such a long duration was ignored by most of the researchers. Therefore, present study aimed to highlight the consequence of lockdown & COVID-19 amongst the school students in Rajasthan, India of the age ranging from 14 to 25. A cross sectional online survey was conducted using Google forms. A total 200 responses were collected. It was found that long home stay caused unusual craving and eating energy dense foodstuffs that led to more than 20% weight gain during last one year in 75% students.

Impact of Keto diet in type 2 diabetic patients

Original Research Article

Chandirani H., Moolrajani K. & Mehta K
Type 2 diabetes is a chronic disorder. Its prevalence has been increasing steadily everywhere on the planet. As a result of this increasing trend, it is believed that the number of individuals affected will be doubled within the next decade. Low-carb and ketogenic diets are becoming popular among clinicians and patients, but the appropriateness of reducing carbohydrates intake in obese patients and in patients with diabetes remains debated. Therefore present project was undertaken with specific objective of analyzing effect of keto diet in diabetic patients. A reasonable reduction in weight of patients was seen who were kept on Ketogenic diet. However, it was noticed that Indian dietary habits include significant proportion of carbohydrates and proteins. Thus, a lot of people could not follow it religiously. Also, because of original dietary habits, such diet recommendation is not sustainable for a longer period of time.