Volume 1, Issue 2, September 2021

Cover Page

About the Journal

Table of Contents

Review Article

Role of macro and micro nutrients in cognitive function

Choudhary P.
The importance of proper food and nutrition has increased over time and the lack of it has been linked with causes of many diseases. This has been a topic of continuous research and one of the primary organs that is affected by nutrition is the human brain. Obesity, acute high-fat food intake, poor early-life diet; any one can trigger an inflammatory response in peripheral immune cells and /or affect the blood–brain interface and circulating molecules that control the state of brain. Blood (carrying antibodies), lymphatic pathways and peripheral pro-inflammatory chemicals can activate brain immune cells (microglia). Either sensitizing or activating microglia may prompt synthesis of complex pro-inflammatory molecules like interleukin-1beta (IL1-β), IL-6, and Tumour Necrosis Factor alpha (TNF- α) in brain that are known to influence cognition and emotions. An increased inflammation in these areas can affect normal functioning, resulting in memory loss and/or depressive mood tendencies. By modulating peripheral and central immune cell activity, polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), flavonoids, tannic acid, ellagitannin, and a positive early life environment (appropriate nutrition and lack of severe stress or adversity) might avoid these unfavourable consequences.
Original Research Article

A study on perspective of stakeholders towards Organic Food Products

Agrawal N., Gupta P. & Jain M.
This study is being conducted to investigate and analyze the organic food products market. This study is significant because it aimed to take a stakeholders’ perspective on organic food products to understand their knowledge level, the factors influencing purchase decisions, their satisfaction level with organic food products. Stakeholders for the study included consumers and dealers of organic food products. The study was carried out in the target segment in the National Capital Territory of Delhi. The capital has shown vivid food cultures and preferences having 61% sale of organic food products in Delhi NCR. The purposive sampling was used to select stakeholders for the study. The study has revealed that major source of information regarding organic food products have been the internet / apps / websites and word of mouth. Moreover, the study highlights that almost all the consumers stressed the requirement for awareness generation and the need to promote organic food products and their certification marks. On the other hand, all the retailers were well aware of organic food products certification marks. The study concluded that there is an ever enhanced demand for adequate promotion of organic food products and their certification of organic food products which may create an explosive demand of organic food products in the market.
Original Research Article

A survey on self medication practices in Rajasthan

Singhal Y.
Drug or medicines are required for treatment of ailments but simultaneously these may be equally harmful if not taken under expert's supervision. From this point of view, present study was planned to investigate the practice or malpractice of self medication in population of Rajasthan. It was found that there is a drastically high usage of multi vitamin & mineral supplement consumption without any medical supervision. Youngsters seeking body building for personality enhancing were found to use any random protein supplements in which 50% didn't seek any expert opinion. Usage of antipyretics, analgesics & anti- inflammatory drugs was noted in 60% adult population who didn't preferred to visit a medical practitioner regarding this. Regular health check-up frequency was found in 25% of population that too in those who get reimbursement for this from their employer or any mediclaim policy.
Original Research Article

Development of Salt Supplementation Guidelines during Hyponatremia in Hospitalized Patients

Banerjee N.
Salt whose chemical name is Sodium Chloride is the main nutrient responsible for the maintenance of normal cellular homeostasis and regulation of electrolyte balance in the body from its electrolyte Sodium. The excess of Sodium is known as Hypernatremia which develops either by a gain of Sodium or by loss of free water or by combination of both. Deficiency of Sodium is called Hyponatremia which indicates depletion in serum Sodium levels in the body. It is the most common electrolyte disorder in hospitalized patients. Therefore in the present study a total of 50 hospitalized patients were selected on the basis of their diagnosis, length of hospital stay and electrolyte profile. Data collection included general profile, diagnosis, biochemical estimations and dietary Intake. Oral salt supplementation was applied as corrective approach to hyponatremia in the hospitalized patients. Regular monitoring of selected patients was done and dosage of salt was decided on the basis of severity of hyponatremia and subsequent diagnosis. It was concluded that ≤5g Salt supplementation increases 5-6% serum Sodium, 5-10g Salt supplementation increases 5.6-8 % serum Sodium, while 10-15g Salt supplementation increases 9.6-11.2% serum Sodium.

Development of Nutritional Value Added Wheat Based Weaning Mixes

Original Research Article

Gajra P. & Kashwan M.
First 1000 days are very crucial for the physical & mental development of an infant. Right nutrition is of utmost importance for this age group. With this view, wheat based value added weaning mixes were developed & standardized. The mixes were analyzed for their acceptability, physico-chemical characteristics, nutritional value and shelf life. Four types of weaning mixes were developed using wheat + soyabean / moth bean + pumpkin / papaya powder termed as WM 1, WM 2, WM 3 & WM 4. Malting, roasting and oven drying methods were used to prepared weaning mixtures in powder form.
The mean score for overall acceptability of developed wheat based weaning mixes ranged from 7.99 to 8.3. Acceptability by sensory evaluation & plate waste weighment method was more for mothbean based weaning mixes as compared to soyabean based weaning mixes. Physico-chemical characteristics were analyzed for yield, water retention capacity & swelling index that was found more for soyabean based weaning mixes. Shelf life of different weaning mixes was compared & found significantly more in mothbean based (WM1 & WM 2). Soyabean based weaning mix (W4) was found to have maximum water retention capacity that showed lower shelf life in comparison to other mixes. Nutritional value was calculated for all weaning mixes in which WM3 & WM 4 (soyabean based) samples showed maximum nutritive value as compared to other samples (p<0.01).