Volume 2 Issue 2 June 2022

Cover Page

About the Journal

Table of Contents

Review Article

Ameliorative Impact of Nutrition - Exercise Intervention Strategies on Metabolic Syndrome in the Punjabi Community

Mehndiratta R. & Sharma S.
Metabolic Syndrome (MS) is a worldwide emerging problem including a combination of symptoms like abdominal obesity, fatty liver, high blood pressure and impaired lipid profile. It was hypothesized that these risk factors can be largely reversed through alteration in dietary habits and by increasing physical activity. The aim was to fabricate an interventional strategy based on diet and exercise for women of Punjabi Community diagnosed with Metabolic Syndrome and to study its impact. A sample size of Fifty adult women (18 - 55 years) of Punjabi community of New Delhi were selected for the present research work. A non-experimental cross-sectional survey was done to obtain the required information which helped to identify subjects diagnosed (17 subjects i.e. 35%) using IDF criterion. Then the participants diagnosed with MS were divided into two groups test (diet and exercise intervention N=7) and control groups (N=10) respectively. The test group showed positive changes in the nutrient intake. The significantly decreased consumption of energy, macronutrients and macro minerals like calcium, iron and increase in fibre and water was seen in interventional group. Simultaneously, a marginal rise in HDL- Cholesterol, while significant decline was observed in serum total cholesterol and LDL- Cholesterol levels
Original Research Article

Diets in trend

Kawadia M.
There are different types of diets in trend nowadays. Most of them are recommended for weight loss but some of them have other effects also. The present review article researches different types of diets that are in trend like The Paleo diet, Vegan diet, modified Atkin’s diet, Ketogenic diet and Mediterranean diet. It was found that modified Atkin diet (MAD) and the Ketogenic diet (KD) are more or less similar in content and based on high-fat ingredients. MAD and KD both are used to treat seizures and cancer (tumour). Both types of diets have important role in weight reduction. Paleo diet (PD) is diet that contains lesser carbohydrate and higher protein content. It is also very good for weight reduction. Paleo diet is also used as a cure for heart disease, diabetes and many forms of cancers. Vegan diet (VD) is based on plant sources, therefore It provides good amount of fiber, antioxidants and phytochemicals; thereby risk for various types of degenerative diseases is reduced. Mediterranean diet and South Beach diets were found effective for weight reduction as well as for weight maintenance also.
Original Research Article

Assessment of Nutritional Status and Nutrition Knowledge of Adolescent Girls (13-18 years) residing in urban slum areas of Jaipur city

Sharma S. & Joshi I.
Diet and nutrients have a critical position during adolescence phase of life. Poor nutrition in this period may cause growth retardation and delay in development. Optimal nutrition, particularly in the case of adolescent girls, becomes very important because of their increased nutritional requirements. Moreover, adolescent girls belonging to low marginalized communities, like slum areas, may suffer from malnutrition due to poverty, gender discrimination and other socio-cultural norms. Further, less age and young undernourished pregnant women may give birth to babies having low weight. This may lead to nutritional deficiencies and increased chances of mortality among both, child and the mother. The present research work was conducted to assess nutrition knowledge as well as nutritional status of the girls (between 13-18 years) habitant of urban slums of Jhotwara areas of Jaipur city. A sample of 65 adolescent girls (13-18 years) was selected from two slum areas in Jhotwara. Major findings of the study revealed dietary consumption of the respondents to be unsatisfactory and more than 58% subjects to be undernourished. BMI values showed no significant relation with socio-economic status and dietary habits. Most of the girls (73.3%) showed poor knowledge regarding nutriti on and showed no association with BMI and age. Present findings revealed that problem of under-nutrition was very prominent in adolescent girls of urban slum area and they had poor nutrition knowledge. Thus, a need was felt for imparting nutrition educati on to the girls of adolescent age group. It can be done both at school and community level in order to bring a positive change in their nutritional as well as health status.
Original Research Article

Nutritional evaluation of Pigeon pea and development of food product incorporating it

Choudhary M. & Verma P.
Generally seed products are considered of low nutritional quality due to the presence of anti-nutritional factors. Many processing like malting are helpful to overcome these types of problems. Therefore a study was conducted to see the effect of malting on composition of Pigeon pea seeds and on the developed food products after its incorporation. The study comprises of three phases which involved 1). Proximate profile determination (moisture, ash, protein, fat, crude fiber, carbohydrate), 2). Food product development and 3). Sensory evaluation. Soaked Pigeon pea flour was used in different proportions ranging from 10% to 60% to prepare food product (khakhra) and its organoleptic evaluation was done by 5 point hedonic test. It was found that proximate composition of the soaked flour contained significantly higher content of protein on dry weight basis (P≥0.05) in comparison of raw flour. Incorporation of 10% and 20% soaked flour in developed products depicted significantly higher acceptability. Therefore, soaked Pigeon pea seeds can be beneficial to overcome malnutrition, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and may other diseases.
Original Research Article

Nutritional Status Assessment of Thalassemic Children from Rajasthan

Palsaniya R. & Meena S.
Nutritional status of children is a prominent factor in making economy and development of any country. Good nutrition is important for achieving normal growth and development. Therefore, to rule out any growth abnormality, nutritional assessment becomes an integral step in every paediatric patient care. Measurement of nutritional status of thalassemic paediatric population is of utmost importance as they are known to have iron overload and multiple nutrient deficiencies due to poor absorption. Present research was planned to assess nutritional status of thalassemic paediatric patients including components of medical history, biochemical and clinical examination, dietary intake and anthropometrics. Total 50 patients were assessed out of whom 10 patients were found severely malnourished, while 30% patients were found mildly malnourished. Therefore, it was recommended to counsel families and children properly to follow a suitable diet so that good nutritional status can be maintained.