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Volume 3 Issue 1 March 2023

Cover Page

About the Journal

Table of Contents

Review Article

Nutrition, Normal and Therapeutic, for Health and Longevity

Sharma S. & Dhawan D.
Life and nourishment are inextricably linked. Human beings need to lead an eat-to-live life, with balanced diet ensuring optimum physiological functioning, health and longevity. In today’s time of knowledge era, food awareness becomes indispensable. The function that nutrients performs in providing energy, growth and maintenance and the role normal and therapeutic diets play to promote health and quell disease is immense. These alphabets of Nutrition are a ‘must to know’ for people making healthy food choices.
Review Article

Prevention of Sarcopenia in Chronic Liver patients amongst Rajasthani population

Sharma M., Bansal V., Kumar K. & Saraswat V.
Assessment of Sarcopenia is a very reliable tool to assess status of malnutrition in patients suffering with chronic liver disease and is associated with adverse clinical outcomes including reduction in quality of life, increased mortality and post transplant complications. Muscle protein synthesis is severely influenced in CLD that is the major cause of Sarcopenia. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) leads to liver cirrhosis, Type 2 diabetes and cardiac disorders. Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C caused by viruses which can cause fatal conditions. Too much alcohol, drugs, poisons lead to fatty liver disease (FLD) and cirrhosis. This research study was planned to find out prevalence of Sarcopenia in chronic liver disease patients in Rajasthani population. The study was conducted on 90 subjects who were suffering from chronic liver disease. Data obtained for study was demographic data, anthropometric data, biochemical reports, clinical signs and symptoms and nutritional intake. Mean and percentage was calculated to arrive at conclusion.
Review Article

Intermittent fasting - A boon or A bane

Garg T.
Nowadays different methods are becoming very popular for weight loss and intermittent fasting is one of them. It is gaining very much popularity and is practiced in different formats by people for weight loss as well as for improvement in insulin resistance, correction of lipid profile and many more clinical conditions. A lot of research work has carried out on different aspects of intermediate fasting on human health. Much of this work has been carried on experimental animals. Research's have shown that intermittent fasting is helpful in weight reduction as well as diabetes control, reducing risk factors of cardiovascular diseases, reduction in risk factors of cancer and many more. As most of the researches have been performed on animals therefore there is scope of research on humans on the effect of intermittent fasting in different clinical conditions. At present on the basis of review collection, it can be concluded that intermittent fasting should be recommended under the supervision of health professionals only under careful monitoring keeping in mind all benefits and risk potentials of various methods of intermittent fasting.
Review Article

Study of Nutritional status of Hypertensive patients

Kumari G. & Mogra R.
A hale and hearty lifestyleHypertension has become a very important health concern nowadays. Present study was conducted on 30 hypertensive patients at Mahatma Gandhi Hospital, Jaipur. It was found from this study that hypertension occurs mostly in people of older age (60-80) but is also found in adults. The study also found that it occurs more in men than in women. Majority of the patients showed similar types of clinical signs and symptoms like weakness, headache, fatigue, vomiting, back and shoulders pain. Almost all patients were overweight. If Hypertension is not treated for a long time, It may cause further complications in form of chronic kidney disease, cardiomyopathy, diabetes etc. Causative factors seen were stress, less physical activity and faulty dietary habits. Even after being diagnosed with hypertension, most of the patients were having uncontrolled blood pressure due to unawareness of the right type of diet or due to poor diet compliance. and a optimum nutrition plays a key role in maintaining homeostatic functions and averting any chronic or debilitating disease. Various epidemiological and observational investigations force multiplies the fact that nutritional factors and dietary habits play a considerable role in controlling diabetes mellitus. A diet that is rich in fruits and vegetables, green tea, vitamin D and plant derived natural compounds along with specific Mediterranean diets have a long term positive impact on Type 2 diabetes mellitus. Results concluded that 23.33% patients were obese and 43.33% patients were found at risk of malnutrition. Obesity with diabetes is a major risk for further health complications, therefore assessment of nutritional status is of much importance to prevent further health complications
Review Article

Nutritional Status Assessment of Atherosclerosis patients

Meena R. & Meena S.
Heart is a very important organ of human body and health of heart really matters a lot for human life. One may pay heavy consequences for minute negligence. Atherosclerosis is plaque formation in the inner lumen of arteries of heart that may block blood flow and cause heart attack. Many causative factors behind it include genetics, stress, faulty food habits, sedentary lifestyle, unusual weight gain etc. In our present study 30 patients were studied for the nutritional status as very little work has been done in this direction. Patients Anthropometric data, biochemical reports, clinical signs and symptoms and dietary recall was studied. It was found that majority of patients were male in the age group of 55 - 70 years. Therefore there is a special need to pay attention on reducing risk factors of heart diseases. Mean weight and BMI of male patients was 72 kg and 26.47 kg/m2, while for females it was 62 kg and 25.83 kg/ m2. Majority of the patients showed signs of shortness of breath, fatigue and constipation. Significant number of patients showed intake of calories, fat and sodium towards higher end of the requirements. Nutriti onal diagnosis showed that 56% patients were overweight while 20% patients were in the category of obesity. This is a very alarming situation that should be treated timely by careful nutritional assessment and counselling.